What is Medical Technology?
Medical Technology comes into the call when technological solutions are applied to solving health-related issues and problems. Medical technology helps to delay the onset of diseases. Thus, ultimately promoting good health.
In recent years, technology has created a valuable impact on our lives either for personal or professional goals. But we can’t deny the importance of technology in healthcare fields. This combination of medicine/healthcare fields and technology has been responsible for saving and securing countless lives all around the globe.
Examples of Latest Medical Technologies
Technology had become a part of the medical and healthcare fields with just the basic invention of eyeglasses and stethoscopes. However, with the growing years, the advancements in this technology have not far behind. 2019 and 2020 hottest medical technologies present in the market, given below:
Researchers claim that 94 % of asthmatic patients do not use their inhalers properly. People with asthmatic conditions claim that they forget the date and time to take their medicine properly.
To solve this issue, recently BLUETOOTH–ENABLED Smart Inhalers have come into the market. Usually, a device is attached to inhalers for keeping a track of the date, time, and way of administration. After that, this data could be stored in the smartphone. This practice of using these inhalers actually provide patients with medicine reliever-free days.
In medical technology, 3D Printing is creating three-dimensional models of patients’ anatomy. 3D printing can be accurately used to plan the surgical approach prior to actual surgery. This technology has gained a lot of value nowadays. This printing technique is used to make implants and joints.
Furthermore, this printing technology uses such digital functionalities that could make the exact measurements samples implants of patients joints or body structure, ensuring maximum comfort and mobility.
It’s a 2-way video consultation, using in many fields like cardiovascular healthcare. Telemedicine or telehealth brings many benefits But only if used properly like shorter patient waiting times, accessible to far rural areas from the cities, or improved efficiency causing good savings, etc.
This is based on each person’s own body information like his/her genetic makeup and proteins to diagnose, prevent, and treat diseases even in the case of cancers like diseases.
As the name suggests, robots do this type of surgery instead of human surgeons. The main concern lies with technology is that in the future it would replace humans surgeons with robots. So it is necessary to use robots for only human surgeon’s assistance and do not allow them to perform all the surgical process.
6: Wireless Brain Sensors
Wireless brain sensors are used for patients having severe traumatic injuries or even serious brain disorders and diseases as.,
Wireless sensors are used to check:
- ICP (raised intracranial pressure) of skull
- The temperature of the patient’s skull.
7: Cancer Immunotherapy
Immunotherapy enables a patient’s own immune system to fight against particular disease. for cancer immunotherapy, the immunity is against cancer.
Clinical Research Investigation Studies Program
9: Artificial Organs
When natural organs stop working or damaged due to some reason. Then artificial organs are implanted and integrated into the human body. They will bring the individual back to normal life. Because of this, patients are less likely to suffer from organ rejection.
10: Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality
AR Technology is adding digital elements in view just by using the camera of your phones or tabs. while VR is the interaction of people with 3d environment.
11: Quantum Computing
Its the technique of using quantum phenomena such as superposition for computational purposes. It basically involves the use of quantum principles.
12: IoT (Internet of Things)
Self Monitoring (smartphones, tablets, wearable computers)
Advantages and Disadvantages of Technology in Medical/ Healthcare
- Electronic Health Records
EHR has proved to be a massive game-changer in the medical technology field. It has successfully replaced the outdated paperwork with a central digitalized system.
- Lower Healthcare Costs
A recent study from the University of Michigan proved that using electronic healthcare records over paper record actually help in reducing outpatients cost. Using EHR for patients’ records cause a saving of $5.14 each month for each patient. That number is huge for the large city hospital network.
- Less Time Consuming
Saving patient’s data in the computerized system basically using technology for medical work is much more time-saving and handy than old paperwork techniques of receipts. Also, medical experts can work from home if the patient’s data is saved digitally on a computer. Moreover, as we humans make mistakes. Thus, digital data saving ensures error-free data recording.
Although we can’t underestimate the importance of technology in healthcare fields. But technological breakthroughs create some problems. These issues require some immediate attention, such as given below
- Security and Data Protection Concerns
Saving all the patient’s data of a particular hospital in the form of BIG DATA is crucial for data saving. But cloud computing technology creates data accession and protection glitches. And over usage of mobile phones creates problems, like bandwidth problems, connectivity issues.
- Risk of Patient’s Record Hacking
Increasing dependence on technology has not only relieved our lives of stress, but there is always an alarming bell hanging by hackers all the time. Data can be stored by any means either digitally or on paper. But the saved data is secured, is not always an assurity.
In 2015, hackers stole the names and addresses of patients. These records belonged to 80 million anthem customers and employees, a health insurance company of the U.S. Now you can say if the data from a giant insurance company like Anthem could be stolen, does the data in your local clinic are really safe?
- Disadvantages of Mobility
Using EHR technology, healthcare professionals can review histories, sending prescriptions, emails from any part of the world. But there is a problem with this mobile communication because human error can’t be removed completely. EHR devices could be
- viruses can hit them,
- someone could steal them
- you probably lost them somewhere.